Strømme syndrome (Stromme)

Strømme syndrome: a rare genetic condition characterized by birth defects or abnormalities in the eyes, intestines, and skull. The abnormalities vary among affected people, and sometimes problems with the kidneys or heart are also present. The condition results from a...

Hiccups

Hiccups: A hiccup is an extraordinary type of respiratory movement involving a sudden inspiration (intake of air) due to an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm accompanied by closure of the glottis (the vocal apparatus of the larynx). The abrupt inspiration is...

Guillain-Barre syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome: A disorder characterized by progressive symmetrical paralysis and loss of reflexes, usually beginning in the legs. The paralysis characteristically involves more than one limb (most commonly the legs), is progressive, and is usually proceeds...

Cyclospora infection

Cyclospora infection: Infection with Cyclospora cayetanensis, a single-celled parasite. The first known human cases of illness caused by Cyclospora were reported in 1979. More recently, outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have been reported in the US and Canada. Cyclospora is...

Machupo virus

Machupo virus: a virus of the Arenaviridae family of viruses that was discovered in 1963 as the cause of an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever in Bolivia. Symptoms of Bolivian hemorrhagic fever include pain, high fever, and bleeding from multiple body sites. The illness...

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE): a degenerative disease of the brain (form of brain damage) that occurs in athletes or others who have experienced repetitive concussions or other trauma to the brain. Some of the most common symptoms and signs of CTE can include...